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Assessment of Trunk Control in Patients with Neuromuscular Diseases: Validity and Reliability of the Trunk Impairment Scale [Turk J Neurol]
Turk J Neurol. 2018; 24(2): 130-136 | DOI: 10.4274/tnd.36024  

Assessment of Trunk Control in Patients with Neuromuscular Diseases: Validity and Reliability of the Trunk Impairment Scale

Yasemin Parlak Demir1, Sibel Aksu Yıldırım2
1Atilim University Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Ankara, Turkey
2Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Ankara, Turkey

Objective: The aim of our study was to determine the reliability and validity of the Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS) in patients with adult neuromuscular diseases (NMD).
Materials and Methods: Sixty-six patients with NMD participated in the study. Patients were evaluated using the TIS, Manual Muscle Test (trunk, upper and lower extremities), Motor Function Measurement (MFM), Functional Independency Measurement (FIM), and the Rivermead Mobility Index (RMI).
Results: Test-retest reliability was excellent for the TIS. The intra-class correlation coefficient score was 0.98. The Cronbach alpha value was 0.82. The TIS was found to be correlated with MFM (r=0.30), MFM trunk (r=0.31), trunk muscle strength (r=0.34), and lower extremity muscle strength (r=0.60, p<0.05) for construct validity. The TIS was found to be correlated with FIM (r=0.32, p<0.05) and RMI (r=0.39, p<0.05) for convergent validity.
Conclusion: Our results confirm that the TIS is an easy, intra-rater reliable, and a valid instrument for the measurement of trunk performance in ambulatory patients with NMD. TIS is a measure that can be completed easily and in a short time in rehabilitation clinics.

Keywords: Adult neuromuscular disease, Trunk Impairment Scale, validity, reliability


Yasemin Parlak Demir, Sibel Aksu Yıldırım. Assessment of Trunk Control in Patients with Neuromuscular Diseases: Validity and Reliability of the Trunk Impairment Scale. Turk J Neurol. 2018; 24(2): 130-136

Corresponding Author: Yasemin Parlak Demir, Türkiye


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